The majority of Equatorial Guineans are of Bantu origin with Fang as its largest tribe. Languages spoken in the country include native languages like Fang, Bube, Benga, Pichinglis, Ndowe, Balengue, Bujeba, Bissio, Gumu, Igbo, Baseke. Others are Spanish, French, Equatoguinean Spanish, Portuguese Creole, and Fernando Poo Creole.
Its rocky history includes Portuguese and Spanish colonial rule followed by a totalitarian reign of Marcias Nguema after independence on October 12, 1968. He was succeeded by Teondoro Obiang Nguema on August 13 1979 after a bloody coup d'état, who is still in power. Several attempts of coup d'état marks the few spotlights on the country. The most popular of this attempts named Mark Thatcher, son of former british prime minister Margaret Thatcher, as a financial backer of Simon Mann, a coup organizer in November 2004.
As an oil producing country Equatorial Guinea has enjoyed economic growth in the last few years. Resources which have gone a long way to reduce its illiteracy rate from 73% to 13%, asphalt tarred 80% of its roads and construct airports across the country.
- Population estimate 2009:
- 28,051 square kilometers (10,831 square miles)
- Spanish, French, Fang, Bube, Annobonese
- Literacy Rate: 86%
- Roman Catholic, pagan practices
- CFA franc
- Life Expectancy:
- GDP per Capita (2009 estimate):
Total $ 21.522 ; Per capita $31,837